KRCD was formed with the passage of The Kings River Conservation District Act in 1951 by the California Legislature. The single overriding incentive for the Kings River Conservation District’s creation was to establish one public agency which could act for the entire Kings River service area. KRCD was to include all territory generally considered to be the Kings River service area, except for all cities not a part of existing irrigation districts. Later changes to the KRCD Act excluded all incorporated cities.
The KRCD law granted authority which has proven to be remarkably flexible in meeting changing needs. KRCD is empowered to furnish water and electrical energy, acquire and dispose of property, construct water works, appropriate and conserve water, maintain actions involving water rights, incur indebtedness, enter into contracts, issue bonds, cooperate with the United States, and control floodwater. There are provisions for organizational, procedural, taxation and bonding matters.