Funding for planning, design, and/or construction is needed to support upcoming projects that will help achieve the mission of the Kings River Fisheries Management Program. The Program’s mission is to improve and enhance the Kings River watershed and fishery habitat while maintaining its beneficial uses, recognizing that a healthy river is essential to the region’s well-being and future quality of life.

Click HERE for Fisheries Projects backgrounder.

Take Action: (these could  be potential active links)

  • read and sign coalition letter
  • download sample email to stakeholders
  • download sample social media posts


PROJECT FUNDING NEED: $60,000 – $120,000 annually*

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: This project will entail the injection/placement of gravel for Rainbow Trout below Pine Flat Bridge and will help replenish the coarse sediment supply immediately below Pine Flat Dam.

KEY BENEFIT: Create spawning habitat for trout and other species
PROJECT STATUS: Project study underway to develop 30% project designs and supporting materials including identifying sediment (gravel) sources available, sediment augmentation volume, potential constraints, and the feasibility of construction methods. Study scheduled to conclude March 2022. *Disclaimer: Project is scalable and may not require gravel injection every year.


PROJECT FUNDING NEED: $115,000 – $470,000 one-time

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: This project will involve enhancing the Thorburn Channel for juvenile trout rearing habitat by considering alterations to the flow intake structure and grading within the side channel.


  • Create spawning habitat for trout and other species
  • Climate change response to intense flood release events; widening channels will prevent sediment and gravel from pushing through quickly, slowing flows during flood releases. This protects the fishery, downstream agriculture, and communities

PROJECT STATUS: Project study underway to develop 30% designs and supporting materials to understand the effect of the Thorburn Channel headworks structure to physical habitat and water temperature. Study scheduled to conclude March 2022.

Funding is needed for the full suite of snow survey tools that meet 21st century water management and climate change challenges

Click HERE for Airborne Snow Survey Backgrounder.

TAKE ACTION! (these could  be potential active links)

  • read and sign coalition letter
  • download sample email to stakeholders
  • download sample social media posts

OVERVIEW: The Kings River watershed in the Southern Sierra Nevada is where, on average, 1.7 million acre-feet of water supply for portions of Fresno, Kings, and Tulare counties is found stored as snow. The supply is extremely variable. In wet years it can exceed 4 million acre-feet, causing potential flood risk downstream, and can swing below 400,000 acre-feet in the driest years, straining groundwater supply used to meet demand. Water management begins with understanding and forecasting snowpack.
Forecasting water supply with the full suite of complementary snow measurement tools contributes to the daily understanding and analysis of snowpack that allows water managers to mitigate flood risk, plan for swings in supply, and increase the likelihood of putting surplus water to use.


  • Prevent overly conservative flood releases that reduce water supply storage
  • Reduce risks associated with flood releases, like crop or property damage, thanks to foresight and planning
  • Anticipate and capture flood water for groundwater recharge, offsetting groundwater use and replenishing supplies, a priority under CA’s SGMA regulation
  • Continue to balance environmental flows while aligning water supply expectations with urban and agricultural users
  • Provide insight into potential drought conditions
  • Help cities plan their water management strategy, offsetting groundwater pumping to meet the needs of homes, businesses, and industry

KINGS RIVER: $2,000,000 annually
HIGH SIERRA, CA: $10,000,000 annually

Funding for 10 flights per water year would provide optimal high-resolution snowpack information throughout the snow accumulation and melt periods. *In California, the program is immediately scalable across existing “High Sierra” programs in the Kaweah, Kings, San Joaquin, Merced, and Tuolumne watersheds and could be scaled quickly in the Feather and Yuba watersheds.
The program is scalable across western US watersheds should funding be made available.

Learn more about the importance of snow surveys as a critical resource tool HERE.

Kings River Conservation District (KRCD) Board announced on July 13, 2021, the appointment of David M. Merritt as KRCD’s new general manager. “I am very excited to lead this next chapter of KRCD and greatly appreciate the trust the Board of Directors has in me and look forward to working with and leading our team,” Merritt said.

Mr. Merritt started his tenure with KRCD in 2010 as the Deputy General Manager of Power Resources. Through his leadership, KRCD successfully divested its gas turbine power generation facility, the Malaga Peaking Plant, in 2015. Mr. Merritt has further improved the long-term reliability of its Jeff L. Taylor Pine Flat Power Plant, which is a key KRCD asset. In 2015, Mr. Merritt took over senior leadership of the Federal Levee Project along the Lower Kings River, which KRCD is the local sponsor. Mr. Merritt has also brought a vision to the Fisheries Management Program and continues to lead KRCD’s role in partnership with other key stakeholders. In 2019, Mr. Merritt was promoted to Chief Operating Officer, overseeing all KRCD activities, inclusive of Water Resources, Power Generation, Flood Management, and Business Operations. Mr. Merritt has also overseen the completion of several grant projects that have received numerous awards from the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Merritt will succeed Paul Peschel, who resigned as general manager in February of this year. “There are significant opportunities ahead of us concerning power generation, water resources, and flood management. My vision is to build on our past successes, collaboratively working with all stakeholders finding common ground that are proactive win-win solutions, on a long-term basis,” Merritt said.

Merritt is also the Vice President of Western Turbine Users, Inc., a nonprofit organization and worldwide membership organization founded in 1990, supporting the gas turbine industry. Prior to working with KRCD, Merritt worked for GWF Power Systems, an Independent Power Producer for almost 20 years. He was part of the management team overseeing nine power generation facilities in Northern and Central California. He honorably served in the US Navy and attended UC Irvine with a focus on Business, Organizational Leadership, and Communication.  

On June 24, KRCD was honored with the American Society of Civil Engineer’s Region 9 Outstanding Sustainable Engineering Project award along with Provost & Pritchard for the design and construction of the McMullin On-Farm Flood Capture and Recharge project.

KRCD and Provost & Pritchard, in cooperation with Terranova Ranch Inc., and Bach and Associates, have planned and developed a system that will further groundwater sustainability in the region.

Terranova Ranch, Inc. has captured and utilized flood flows in the Fresno Slough when they are present, thereby reducing downstream flood impacts. The water has been spread on crop lands such as vineyards, alfalfa, and pistachios for in lieu groundwater recharge, wherein surface water is substituted for groundwater to reduce pumping. More recently, Terranova Ranch has captured flood flows for direct recharge (Bach and et al 2012; 2014).

Using existing farmlands to capture and recharge flood flows allows ranch management to continue their farming practices and replenish the groundwater table. 

With the implementation of Sustainable Groundwater Management Act in 2014, projects like the one at Terranova Ranch will mean the difference between farming and fallowing lands.

A goal of the McMullin On-Farm Flood Capture and Recharge project is to convey water in both directions east and north, while having the ability to divert flood flows from the west. The design of this project includes the main conveyance system which provides the hydraulic backbone for diverting flood flows and conveyance to the participating farm fields.

On November 13, 2020, the Kings River Conservation District and Tulare Lake Resource Conservation District received over $1 million from the Watershed Restoration Grant to carry out important levee work along the Kings River. The California Department of Conservation grant is funding the Kings River Conservation District Improvement Project, a project that involves the removal of invasive plant species, overgrown brush, and debris from the Kings River’s banks and channels.

This work will provide flood protection to adjacent farmlands, allow for the efficient conveyance of flood water, and save an estimated 1,610 tons of carbon emissions in the Central Valley.

On April 5, 2021, work began on the project. Pascoe Bowen, KRCD’s Manager of Flood Operations and Maintenance, provided the following statement:


I am pleased to announce that on Monday we began our first full day of trash cleanup along the Kings River. Labor Finders has provided us with [two] temporary workers. After only one day we have already removed more than 1000 pounds of trash and taken it to the Kings Recycling Waste Authority… It’s great to see this project getting started and it’s already having a positive effect on the river system.


For more details about the Watershed Restoration Project, watch the video below.





What is Groundwater?

Right under your feet, millions of gallons of water exist between rocks, sand, and gravel. Those permeable bodies of rock and sediment that are saturated with water are called aquifers.  Much of the water in the world exists below the surface- in fact, there is twenty to thirty times more water in the ground than there is in all the earth’s rivers and lakes. During dry years like this one, groundwater fills up bodies of surface water and serves as a “critical buffer against the impacts of drought and climate change.” In some communities, it is the only source of drinking water. Groundwater also provides water for agricultural operations. But that’s not all.

Did you know?

💧 97% of all liquid freshwater on earth is groundwater. (Meaning- most freshwater that is not frozen in glaciers and is available to humans is groundwater.)

💧 Groundwater provides almost 40% of California’s total water supply, with that percentage increasing to 46% or more in dry years.

💧 CA’s Department of Water Resources estimates that the state’s 515 groundwater basins have a storage capacity of between 850 million and 1.3 billion acre-feet. This is an incredible amount when compared to the less than 50 million acre-feet that can be stored in all of CA’s major reservoirs.

Groundwater is essential to every facet of life in our state and region and has immense potential to increase our resilient water supply.


Sustaining Groundwater Supplies with Better Management

In the Central Valley this essential resource was being pumped from the ground faster than it could be replenished. Results of this include lower groundwater levels, which in some areas can cause the ground elevation to lower. This is called subsidence, which can cause damage to surface structures such as roads, building foundations, aqueducts, bridges, pipelines, and flood control structures.

When groundwater is not managed sustainably, water quality can also be impacted. Water quality can degrade due to over pumping, limiting its use for irrigation or drinking without expensive treatment.

Sustainable management of groundwater is needed to address these issues, in addition to avoiding the costs of energy expenses required to pump groundwater from greater depths, the expense of fixing damages caused by land subsidence, and subsequent indirect impacts such as higher food prices.

With these costs in consideration, it is evident that groundwater must be managed sustainability for the well-being of our Central Valley communities, agricultural operations, and economy.


Solutions at the Local Level

GSA map of the Kings and Tulare Lake Subbasins. Click image to find your GSA.


In 2014, California Governor, Jerry Brown passed the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act. This piece of legislation is commonly known as SGMA. SGMA requires local governments and water agencies to bring groundwater basins into balanced levels of pumping and recharge by 2040.

This led to the creation of Groundwater Sustainability Agencies (GSAs), which are agencies that manage groundwater at the local level.

GSAs designed Groundwater Sustainability Plans, (GSPs), documents that outline the agencies’ detailed plans for achieving sustainability. GSAs work with local landowners and communities on implementing their GSPs. (We love our acronyms in the water industry!)


Measuring Groundwater Sustainability

Under SGMA, sustainability is measured using “sustainability indicators” which include: groundwater storage, groundwater levels, interconnected surface water, water quality, and land subsidence. The sixth indicator, seawater intrusion, is not applicable to the Central Valley GSAs. Learn more about each sustainability indicator through the following graphics:



Securing Groundwater for Future Generations

Meeting each of these measurable objectives and achieving sustainability in the Central Valley is not a job for one group, agency, or industry. Groundwater sustainability requires the collaborative efforts of landowners, farmers, residents, policy makers, advocacy groups, engineers, water providers, and more!

You are part of the solution. Connect with your local GSA, advocate for policies that promote groundwater sustainability, innovate recharge projects, and stay in touch with organizations like KRCD to receive regular updates on Central Valley groundwater.

As Leonardo Da Vinci said, “water is the driving force of all nature.” Together, we can ensure this powerful resource is available for generations to come.


Connect with KRCD on Twitter and Facebook! Get information on SGMA, groundwater, and more sent straight to your inbox by signing up for KRCD’s E-Newsletter.



The Kings River Conservation District was awarded $300,000 by the California Department of Conservation (DOC) to fund two part-time watershed coordinator positions. The funding will allow important work to be carried out related to long-term drinking water solutions and groundwater quality in the Kings River region covering portions of Fresno, Kings and Tulare counties.

KRCD’s Watershed Coordinators will work to provide safe drinking water to residents, reduce nitrate contamination into groundwater, and identify ways to restore groundwater quality where reasonable and feasible.

The California Department of Conservation (DOC) received 26 competitive grant applications totaling $7.5 million with only $1.5 million of available funding. KRCD was one five watershed coordinator grants awarded by the DOC to organizations around the state to support regional sustainable groundwater management goals.

A watershed coordinator is a position the state funds for a local government or non-profit to work with local stakeholders and downstream beneficiaries. Their work is centered around the ability to leverage local relationships and understandings, to build broad and trusting coalitions across a watershed and to cultivate a shared vision of progress.

Click here to read the DOC press release.

KRCD is honored to continue building collaborative bridges between government, stakeholders, and communities to serve our landowners and residents and improve watershed health.